The significance of Microsoft’s involvement for macOS and Linux comes largely from the fact that Android devoices —not just smartphones, but anything that has “smart” in it— likely connect to computers using MTP, a protocol that may or may not work off. On Mac, there are at least 3 ways to connect MTP devices:
On a personal note, I recommend OpenMTP. Going through the list, neither the Android File Transfer nor Mtp for Mac have seen much update recently. Google seems to have largely abandoned its Android File Transfer since 2018. And, MTP for Mac, a beta app, is riddled with documentations from Big Sur era and still doesn’t fully support ARM (experimental version is provided). My personal experience with both apps was that Google’s was simply outdated, whereas HyperIntegrate can be hit-and-miss.